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Catalogue: Prints Displaying Prints number 1430;
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Item ID Number: 1430;


 
 
Print Number 1430 
Painter G.B. Piranesi 
Title Veduta dell' Esterno della gran Basilica di S. Pietro in Vaticano. 
Engraver G.B. Piranesi 
Date c. 1785 
Publisher  
Place of Publication Rome 
Image Size (mm) 380 x 605 
Image Size (Inches) 15 x 23.75 
Paper Size (mm) 535 x 730 
Paper Size (Inches) 21 x 28.75 
Platemark Size (mm) 400 x 610 
Platemark Size (Inches) 15.75 x 24 
Coloring Black & White 
Medium Copper Engraving 
Condition Excellent 
Notes Hind 5 (4th State) John Wilton-Ely 153 The watermark that is present is number 60 in John Wilton-Ely on page 1169 and is dated mid to late 1790s This plate is from the series Vedute di Roma. "The 135 plates of the Veduta di Roma, produced individually by Piranesi from the late 1740s until his death some thrity years later, represent almost every phase in his stylistic evolution and reflect his changing intellectual concerns. Throught these particular works, which were spread all over the Continent by means of the Grand Tour, Piranesi was not only to revolutionize the conventional form of the veduta but was to transform the European vision of classical antiquity" (John Wilton-Ely) Giovanni Battista Piranesi was one of the leading figures in the development of the neoclassical style in the late 18th Century. As architect, archaeologist, artist, designer, collector, and antiquities dealer, he produced a series of etchings and engravings depicting the glories of ancient Rome. These fine prints served as source material for other architects and designers. He was born in Venice on the 4th October 1720. The son of a stone-mason, he was educated as an architect under his maternal uncle Matto Lucchesi and under Carlo Zucchi. In 1740 Piranesi left Venice for Rome, there he studied etching under Giuseppe Vasi. He appears to have had little success in these early years in Rome and as his father was unable to continue his allowance returned to Venice in 1744. He was soon, however, encouraged to return to Rome by Giuseppe Wagner, a successful engraver and publisher of Venice. This time he achieved success, and a constant series of works, illustrating architecture and antiquities, issued from his studio until his death in 1778. His output in etched plates is enormous (about 1000 numbers in all). While he achieved a work of magnitude in pictorial records of Roman monuments of antiquity and of the Renaissance, and gave immense arch├Žological, antiquarian, and topographical value to this work, the artistic quality always predominates. He was fond of peopling his ruins with Callot-like figures, and "like Callot makes great use of the swelling line" (Hind). He had two sons and a daughter, all of whom helped him in his work and after his death carried on his publications in Rome and Paris. They were Francesco (born 1748 or 1756; died 1810), Pietro (who lived till after 1807) and Laura (born 1750). His position in Rome and in Europe after 1760 was a prominent one. He was well-known figure to the wealthy English visitors in Rome and was elected a Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries in 1757. Most of his life was passed in Rome, etching, writing, publishing, and directing a workshop in which the restoration and sale of antiques played a considerable part. He was famous for his poetic views of Rome and also his fantastic imaginary interiors. His skills, allied to his deep knowledge of archaeology, provided the substance for his Vedute (Views), a series of 135 etchings of ancient and contemporary Rome, published from 1745 onwards, which established the popular mental image of the city. Vasi...et Ornamenti Antichi was a collection of 110 etchings documenting large sculptural vases, together with other antiquities excavated (and in some cases created) in Italy in the 18th century. The prints were initially separately issued and sold by Piranesi over a period of several years and subsequently collected in two folio volumes, each with its own title page, in 1778. They illustrate a wide range of genuine antiquities, as well as Piranesi's own collections, from utilitarian objects such as cinerary urns, lamps, and sarcophagi to monumental vases. The plates in Vasi often included text by Piranesi with information about where the objects were discovered and their contemporary location, and the prints bore dedications to his patrons, colleagues, visitors and influential people. He believed absolutely in the supremacy of Roman over Greek architecture, an argument he expounded most forcefully in his Della magnificenza ed architettura dei Romani (On the Magnificence of Roman Architecture, 1761).. his romanticized views and imaginary interiors had a profound effect on stage designers, painters of capricci such as Hubert Robert, and even writers: William Beckford, the author of the Gothic novel and Vathek . In the 20th century his imaginary interiors have been admired by the Surrealists . Reference: John Wilton-Ely. Giovanni Battista Piranesi: The Complete Etchings. San Francisco: Alan Wofsy Fine Arts, 1994. 2 volumes. Chapter F.II. Volume II. pp. 961-62. "The Bulfinch Guide to Art History" Hind : Giovanni Battista Piranesi A critical study 
References  
Price (US$) 3250  
Short Description Artists Piranesi (Veduta di Roma);Views Europe Italy;Architectural Churches; 
Picture

 
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